Madagascar is an island country located off the south-eastern coast of Africa. It is the fourth largest island in the world. The island has only been inhabited by human beings for a relatively short period, around 1,300 years. The exact history of the island nation is unknown, but the language and culture of local communities imply Indonesian origins. Madagascar’s economy has been growing since 2011, boosted by the nation’s growing economic industries of tourism, textiles, agriculture, and mining.