Located in Central Asia, Uzbekistan is a landlocked country with a rich history. The country is a significant cotton exporter, and has become the largest electricity producer in Central Asia. Uzbekistan has a diverse cultural heritage due to its strategic location surrounded by five countries: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, and Turkmenistan. The official language is Uzbek, but Russian is also widespread, as citizens with Russian heritage make up around 5% of the country’s population. Uzbekistan is also a large producer of gold and has substantial deposits of silver, strategic minerals, gas, and oil.